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ADDITIONAL HEALTH CONCERNS FOR PUPPIES

COMMON HEALTH CONCERS FOR PUPPIES

HYPOGLYCEMIA
Hypoglycemia is caused by a blood sugar level (low glucose) below normal. Glucose is the fuel that the pup's body uses for brain, nerve, and muscle function. This problem is most often seen in very small (toy) breeds but can occur in all young puppies because they have not developed the ability to store body sugars at their age. Hypoglycemia causes confusion, disorientation, drowsiness, shivering, staggering, collapse, seizure, and, if left untreated, coma. Most often the owner will see the pup go through a "wilting flower" state or become very weak and depressed after playing and or failing to eat. This can occur due to exuberance and hard play which uses up glucose. It can also occur when the pup feels badly, such as after a vaccination visit, and failing to eat. Most hypoglycemia problem can be reversed by giving the pup a teaspoon of some type of sugar base syrup or a teaspoon of honey dissolved in a teaspoon of warm water. Hypoglycemia can result in death if not treated. Make sure that your pup eats regularly and eats at least 3 to 4 meals a day. If in doubt give your pup the sugar rich syrup. Reversal of the signs is usually seen within 15 to 20 minuets.

REVERSE SNEEZE
Reverse Sneeze is one of the most frequently misinterpreted issues in small dogs and puppies. It is due to a Pharyngeal Gag Reflex when mucus or fluid drips from the sinuses into the back of the dog's throat. Since dogs cannot consciously draw back air through their sinuses to clear the problem, this reflex occurs and produces a dramatic honking sound from rapid inhalation and exhalation of air through their nasopharynx. This is not asthma, choking, seizuring, or gasping for air and is usually harmless but noisy.

It produces a characteristic honking, hacking and snorting sound that is repeated for several seconds or minuets. It often happens when the dog is excited, after drinking, or when pulling at its leash. The dog will usually extend the head and neck while gasping inward with the distinctive snorting sound when reverse sneezing.

Usually a moment of patience, gently rubbing the throat, and allowing for some quiet time will stop the spasm like reflex and allow the dog to swallow the mucus that is causing the problem. One can also plug the nose holes and force the dog to breath through the mouth to clear the episode. Reverse sneezing is a harmless condition and medical attention is not necessary. It is important not to confuse reverse sneezing with a collapsing trachea which can be a more serious problem.

PANCREATITIS
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas gland in the dog's abdomen. This gland produces enzymes for the digestion of starch, sugar, and fat in the diet. It also produces insulin to control blood sugar. When the pancreas is inflamed these enzymes leak out into the abdomen and blood stream and cause sickness, vomiting, and can cause shock and death. Foods that are high in fat, greasy table scraps and sugary foods tend to trigger pancreatitis. This is a potentially life-threatening disease with a mortality of 20 to 25%. Dogs with pancreatitis, often, must receive intense fluid, antibiotic, and pain control therapy. Never feed your dog table scraps, greasy foods, or sugary foods.






Animal Medical Clinic
600 W. Lincoln Street
Tullahoma, TN, 37388
(931) 455 - 6723

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